Frogs and toads

Frogs and toads have short, tubby bodies and large heads with bulging eyes. They have no visible neck and most have a very wide mouth. Frogs and toads live in lots of different habitats around the world.

Frog or toad?

There are not many differences between frogs and toads. Toads tend to have warty skin, while frogs have smooth skin.

Legs and leaping

Frogs are well known for their high leaps into the air, which they make using their muscular back legs. Because these are longer than the front ones, they stay folded until its time to jump.

Making more frogs

Each spring thousands of frogs return to the water to find a mate and lay their eggs. Large clumps spawn, are laid together, covered in jelly to protect them.

Time for a chat

Frogs and toads are true talkers. They croak to attract females and alarm enemies. This toad has an inflatable vocal sac - a big piece of stretchy skin that helps make an extra- loud sound.

Running frogs

Not all frogs leap to move around. These african running frogs live in graddy areas where they prefer to remain low. So they rause their body off the ground and run.

In the water

Frogs and toads are very good swimmers. They have webbed feet, which help them move quickly through the water. They swim by bending their legs in and out, just like people do in thr breast stroke.

Junior frogs

Frog and toad eggx hatch into tadpoles,  which are completely different from adults. They look tiny fish with no legs and a long tail. Over four months the tadpoles gradually grow legs, lose their tail, and turn into miniature frogs.


How many eggs can frogs and toads lay in a lifetime?

About a quarter of a million!

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